Adam Millard-Ball

TitleAssistant Professor
DivisionSocial Sciences Division
DepartmentEnvironmental Studies Department
AffiliationsEconomics Department
Web Site Website
Office459 Interdisciplinary Sciences Building
Office HoursFall 2016: Mondays 9-11
Campus Mail StopEnvironmental Studies
Mail1156 High Street
Santa Cruz, CA
Adam Millard-Ball

Research Interests

The future of travel demand
Future patterns of travel demand have enormous implications for energy supply and the environment. How far will we travel in the future, and by what modes? Has travel in the industrialized world ceased to grow – "peak travel"? Are developing countries likely to follow the high-travel, high-emissions path of the United States, or will their travel patterns look more like Europe or Japan?

Cities and climate change
I am interested in explaining the variations between cities in environmental policy. Why do some cities do more than others to reduce greenhouse gas emissions? To what extent do city climate plans and other types of urban plan have causal impacts and change outcomes, rather than simply codifying the policies a city would have followed anyway?

Carbon trading
I study the challenges with carbon offset programs, and explore alternatives to offsets. I am also interested in cap-and-trade, and particularly how it may interact with local government climate policy efforts.

Transportation Policy
My work on transportation policy bridges academic research with my previous professional experience as a transportation planner. What are the impacts of parking management, car-sharing and other demand management policies, and how can they contribute to climate change mitigation? I focus on both the US and cross-national comparisons, including the developing world.

Biography, Education and Training

Ph.D., Stanford University, 2011 (Environment and Resources)
M.A., University of Edinburgh, 1998 (Geography)

Selected Publications

• Millard-Ball, Adam (2017), "Pedestrians, autonomous vehicles and cities." Journal of Planning Education and Research, in press. See also Planetizen blog.
• St-Louis, Evelyne and Millard-Ball, Adam (2016), “Cap-and-trade, crowding out, and the implications for municipal climate policy motivations.” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, in press. 
• Barrington-Leigh, Chris and Millard-Ball, Adam (2015), “A century of sprawl in the United States.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(27): 8244–8249. See also data and visualizations.
• Millard-Ball, Adam (2015), “Phantom Trips. Overestimating the Traffic Impacts of New Development.”  Journal of Transport and Land Use, 8(1): 31-49. See also short version in Access magazine.
• Millard-Ball, Adam; Weinberger, Rachel; and Hampshire, Robert (2014), “Is the Curb 80% Full or 20% Empty? Assessing the Impacts of San Francisco’s Parking Pricing Experiment.Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 63: 76–92
• Millard-Ball, Adam; Weinberger, Rachel; and Hampshire, Robert (2013), “Comment on Pierce and Shoup: Evaluating the Impacts of Performance-Based Parking.” Journal of the American Planning Association, 79(4): 330-336
• Brandt, Adam; Millard-Ball, Adam; Ganser, Matthew; and Gorelick, Steven (2013), “Peak Oil Demand. The role of fuel efficiency and alternative fuels in a global oil production decline.Environmental Science & Technology, 47(14): 8031-8041
• Millard-Ball, Adam (2013), “The Trouble With Voluntary Emissions Trading. Uncertainty and adverse selection in sectoral crediting programs.Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 65(1): 40-55
• Millard-Ball, Adam (2013), “The Limits to Planning. Causal impacts of city climate action plans.Journal of Planning Education and Research, 33(1): 5-19
• Kerr, Suzi and Millard-Ball, Adam (2012), “Cooperation to Reduce Developing Country Emissions,” Climate Change Economics, 3(4): 1250023
• Millard-Ball, Adam (2012), “Do City Climate Plans Reduce Emissions?Journal of Urban Economics, 71(3): 289-311
• Millard-Ball, Adam (2012), “The Tuvalu Syndrome. Can geoengineering solve climate’s collective action problem?Climatic Change, 110(3/4): 1047-1066
• Millard-Ball, Adam and Schipper, Lee (2011), “Are We Reaching Peak Travel? Trends in passenger transport in eight industrialized countries.Transport Reviews, 31(3): 357-378
• Millard-Ball, Adam and Ortolano, Leonard (2010), “Constructing Carbon Offsets. The obstacles to quantifying emission reductions,” Energy Policy, 38(1): 533-546
• Millard-Ball, Adam (2009), “Cap and Trade: Five implications for transportation planners,Transportation Research Record, 2119: 20-26. (Recipient of Transportation Research Board Fred Burggraf Award)

Courses Taught

ENVS 25: Environmental Policy and Economics
ENVS 141: Ecological Economics
ENVS 196: Green Cities (Senior Seminar)
ENVS 196: Developing a Pedestrian Plan (Senior Seminar)
IDEASS (Impact Designs: Engineering and Sustainability through Student Service)